Selected Human and Animal Health Occupations
Physicians diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, and medical disorders. In addition to working directly in patient care, physicians also work as administrators, researchers, and educators. Education requirements require 8 years of education beyond high school and 3 to 8 additional years of internship and residency.

Medical Technologists perform laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. They also operate and maintain equipment used in laboratory analysis. Educational requirements included a bachelor degree with a major in medical technology or one of the life sciences. Some positions may accept a combination of education and on-the-job and specialized training.

Veterinarians diagnose and treat diseases and dysfunctions of animals, perform surgeries, and provide for the general care of large and small animals. Veterinarians also work as livestock inspectors, researchers, technical consultants, and educators. To practice veterinary medicine, one must earn a doctorate (DVM or VMD) at an accredited school of veterinary medicine and pass state licensing exams.

Veterinary Technologists/Technicians performs medical tests in a laboratory situation and assists the veterinary staff in the care of animals. Examples of duties include executing laboratory tests; administering medications, anesthesia and diagnostic laboratory tests; clean and sterilize instruments; and conduct or assist in the treatment of animals. Veterinary technologists and technicians also find employment in biomedical research, wildlife medicine, livestock management, or pharmaceutical sales. Entry-level veterinary technicians have a 2-year associate degree from an American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)-accredited community college program. Veterinary technologists complete a 4-year bachelor degree in veterinary technology.

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